Posted: May 22, 2017 in Uncategorized
God’s relationship with mankind throughout history is the main theme in the bible. Stories of fascinating characters good and bad, the blessings and cursings that they received and the detailed glimpses into history that the bible brings forth can be both striking and humbling. Sometimes we see how brutally honest some characters were, such as David when he wrote the Psalms and the emotions that he expressed in his joy and in his sadness and depression. In other instances, there is at first glance- mundane details that emerge, like in Leviticus where the Israelites are told step by step and in detail what to do and what not to do when following God’s law. In addition, there are numerous geneological records that are written down throughout the old and new testaments. Some records focus on tribes and their locations as well as census numbers of nations and tribes. Other records focus on the names of bloodlines that are traced back hundreds or thousands of years. In the book of Matthew we see the geneology of the Messiah’s ancestors from Abraham all the way to Jesus. Forty-two generations in all! Thus is the case of Adam and his line of descendants all the way to his grandson Isaac. This particular geneological record, “From Adam to Isaac” is different from the others though, in that it gives vital information that is key to figuring out who lived when, at what time, and who was alive during each persons life and when they died. As you look at the chart notice how long some of these biblical figures lived and imagine the number of children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren, and so on, each would have. For example, look at Lamech and notice how he was born 874 years from the time Adam was kicked out of Eden. Now imagine, since he had 7 grandfathers and one father,the stories he was told by this huge number of eyewitnesses who were his relatives.  Imagine being told firsthand what the Garden of Eden was like by Adam and Eve. Or how Enoch was taken by God into heaven and given revelations by the same people who witnessed it. Also, notice the dramatic shift in life span after the time of the flood during whch time Noah lived. For God said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.” -Genesis 6:3


The green arrows pass through 9 generations, starting from the original progenitor -Adam and ending with Lamech. The green arrows indicate how Lamech may have been present at his G.G.G.G.G.G. Grandfather’s funeral. Lamech would have been 56 years old as he witnessed the firstborn human of all creation on earth finally give up his spirit. It’s interesting that Lamech- being the last to see God’s first perfect created human (before the fall) lived for 777 years, which numerically represents perfection. It’s interesting to point out that the number 777 can be formulated to equal the age of Lamech at the time of Adam’s death: 777 or 7×7+7= 56.
The black arrows pass through 11 generations, starting from Noah and ending with Abraham. Notice how Noah, who was the chosen 2nd progenitor of the new human race after the flood (40 days and nights) had destroyed mankind, died 40 years after Abraham was born. This means that Abraham was alive at the same time as his G.G.G.G.G.G.G.GG. Grandfather was alive. This is significant because Abraham was chosen by God as the father of a great nation and was promised by God to have offspring as numerous as the dust of the earth and the stars of heaven. Christians, Jews, and Muslims all lay claim to Abraham as the father of nations. Therefore Abraham is the third progenitor.

Adam: 1st Progenitor
Noah: 2nd Progenitor
Abraham: 3rd Progenitor

                                        Geneology of Jesus Christ

According to Matthew    (Abraham to Jesus)

1 Abraham
2 Isaac
3 Jacob
4 Judah
5 Perez
6 Hezron
7 Ram
8 Amminadab
9 Nahshon
10 Salmon
11 Boaz
12 Obed
13 Jesse
14 King David
15 Solomon
16 Rehoboam
17 Abijah
18 Asa
19 Jehoshaphat
20 Jehoram
21 Uzziah
22 Jotham
23 Ahaz
24 Hezekiah
25 Manasseh
26 Amon
27 Josiah
28 Jeconiah
29 Shealtiel
30 Zerubbabel
31 Abihud
32 Eliakim
33 Azor
34 Zadok
35 Akim
36 Elihud
37 Eleazar
38 Matthan
39 Jacob
40 Joseph
41 Jesus Christ 

According to Luke  (God to Jesus)

1 God
2 Adam
3 Seth
4 Enosh
5 Kenan
6 Mahalalel
7 Jared
8 Enoch
9 Methuselah
10 Lamech
11 Noah
12 Shem
13 Arphaxad
14 Cainan
15 Shelah
16 Eber
17 Peleg
18 Reu
19 Serug
20 Nahor
21 Terah
22 Abraham
23 Isaac
24 Jacob
25 Judah
26 Perez
27 Hezron
28 Ram
29 Amminadab
30 Nahshon
31 Salmon
32 Boaz
33 Obed
34 Jesse
35 David
36 Nathan
37 Mattatha
38 Menna
39 Melea
40 Eliakim
41 Jonam
42 Joseph
43 Judah
44 Simeon
45 Levi
46 Matthat
47 Jorim
48 Eliezer
49 Joshua
50 Er
51 Elmdam
52 Cosam
53 Addi
54 Melki
55 Neri
56 Shealtiel
57 Zerubbabel
58 Rhesa
59 Joanan
60 Joda
61 Josech
62 Semein
63 Mattathias
64 Maath
65 Naggai
66 Esli
67 Nahum
68 Amos
69 Mattathias
70 Joseph
71 Jannai
72 Melki
73 Levi
74 Matthat
75 Heli
76 Joseph
77 Jesus
Why Are the Messiah’s Geneologies So Different

The Jews were meticulous record keepers and geneologies were given the utmost care. It’s highly unlikely that these lineages
were inaccurate. Most conservative bible scholars assume Luke is recording Mary’s geneology and Matthew is recording Joseph’s geneology. Mary’s geneology is the spiritual lineage and Joseph’s geneology is the human lineage.
Matthew is following the line of Joseph (Jesus’ legal father), through David’s son Solomon, while Luke is following the line of Mary (Jesus’ blood relative) through David’s son, Nathan. There was no Greek word for “son-in-law” and Joseph would have been considered a son of Heli through marrying Heli’s daughter, Mary. Through either line, Jesus is a descendant of David and therefore eligible to be the Messiah. Tracing a geneology through the mother’s side is highly unusual, but so was the virgin birth.

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